Pediatrics is the field of medicine that deals with medical care for infants, children and adolescents. They specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of ailments specific to young people and track their patients’ growth to adulthood.
Like most physicians, pediatricians work with different health care workers, such as nurses and other physicians, to assess and treat children with various ailments. Most of the work of pediatricians involves treating day-to-day illnesses that are common to children—minor injuries, infectious diseases, and immunizations. Some pediatricians specialize in serious medical conditions and pediatric surgery, treating autoimmune disorders or serious chronic ailments.